Orphism is an art movement that was coined by French poet Guillame Apollinaire in 1912. 

Work from this movement feature deconstructed subjects much like the cubists and bright colors similar to the fauves. Studies showing the connection between color and music was an influence on these painters. The musicality of this work is why the period was named after Orpheus the Greek god of music.

Apollinaire, who coined the term Orphism, was an influential writer, critic, and poet. He also named Cubism and Surrealism. His writings were visual poetry, sometimes literally as in this piece of his writing acquired by MOMA.